Although they are very common today in portable electronics, tools and other applications, Li batteries can be a source of dangerous heat, sparks or fire if they are improperly packaged for shipping. For this reason, the shipping company require us should be follow applicable safety regulations and appropriate precautions when preparing batteries for transportation.
Battery shipments may be subject to international safety regulations, and because of the potential dangers associated with violations of those regulations, people who do not follow the regulations when packing their shipments could be subject to fines or other penalties.
1. UN38.3 testing
UNITED NATIONS “Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Tests and Criteria” (ST/SG/AC.10/11/Rev.6/Amend.1 Section 38.3)。
Testing item including :
- Altitude simulation
- Thermal test
- External short circuit
- Impact / Crush
- Forced discharge
In test .1 to .4, cells and batteries meet this requirement if there is no leakage, no venting, no
disassembly, no rupture and no fire and if the open circuit voltage of each test cell or battery after testing is
not less than 90% of its voltage immediately prior to this procedure. The requirement relating to voltage is
not applicable to test cells and batteries at fully discharged states.
In test .5 to .6, Cells and batteries meet this requirement if their external temperature does not exceed 170℃ and
there is no disassembly, no rupture and no fire during the test and within six hours after test.
In test .7 to .8, Rechargeable batteries meet this requirement if there is no disassembly and no fire during the test and
within seven days after the test.
2. MSDS report
Material Safety Data Sheet should be including below informations:
- Composition/Data on components
- Hazards identification
- First aid measures
- Fire fighting measures
- Accidental release measures
- Handling and storage
- Exposure controls and personal protection
- Physical and chemical properties
- Stability and reactivit
- Toxicological information
- Ecological information
- Disposal considerations
- Transport information
The batteries should be securely packed and protected against short-circuits. Examine whether the package
of the containers are integrate and tighten closed before transport.
Take in a cargo of them without falling,dropping, and breakage. Prevent collapse of cargo piles. Don’t put the goods together with oxidizer and chief food chemicals. The transport vehicle and ship must be cleaned and sterilized otherwise it is not allowed to assemble articles chief food chemicals.
During transport, the vehicle should prevent exposure, rain and high temperature. For stopovers, the vehicle should be away from fire and heat sources. When transported by sea, the assemble place should keep away from bedroom and kitchen, and isolated from the engine room,power and fire source.
Under the condition of Road Transportation, the driver should drive in accordance
with regulated route, don’t stop over in the residential area and congested area. Forbid to use wooden,
cement for bulk transport.
Please note that waste disposal should meet local regulatory requirements.
3. Report for safe Transport of Goods
Base on <International Maritime Dangerous Goods> (39-18):
1.Lithium cells and batteries proven to meet the requirement of each applicable test in the UN Manual of Tests and criteria ,Part Ⅲ,sub-section 38.3
2.The package has pass the 1.2M drop test
3.Packages may not exceed 30KG gross mass
4.The goods are not subject to IMDG,the packaged according to the special provision 188
Battery or cell must be protected so as to prevent short circuits,Lithium cell and battery are packed in inner packaging that completely enclose the cell or battery and placed in a strong outer packaging equipment equipped with an effective means of preventing accidental activation.
Each consignment should have accompanied with a document with an indication that:the package contains lithium battery ,the package must be handled with care,and that a flammability hazard exists if the package is damaged ,special procedures must be followed in the event the package is damaged, to include inspection and repacking if necessary, and a telephone number for addtional information.
4. Li Battery Drop Test Report
Recommendations On The Transport Of Dangerous Good-Model Regulations
The package of batteries is dropped from 1.2 M , 6 times per package.See below schematic diagram.
The Package is capable of withstanding a 1.2 M drop test in any orientation without damage to cells or batteries contained therein, without shifting of contents so as to allow battery to battery contact and without release of contents